Launched in 2009, this project has reached to 30,000 ultra-poor households in eight Upazilas in three Northern districts of Bangladesh. The project provided a comprehensive support package to the targeted households comprising of a one-off asset grant and subsistence allowance for 20 months combined with business development support and training. Evaluation of this project at the end of 2-year intervention period has found large impacts on a range of economic outcomes including assets, income and access to financial services. There has also been corresponding improvements in household food security and resilience to shocks and potential longer-term impacts on human capital formation. From the perspective of achieving sustainable reduction in extreme poverty, it is of utmost importance to assess the longer-term effects of such a comprehensive support package. This sustainability study will be used as a future reference point for designing programs related to this intervention by WFP.